EESC W4888. Isotope Geology, II. 3 pts.
Prerequisites: EESC W4887. Application of stable and radioisotopes to topics in terrestrial, ocean, and environmental sciences and advanced principles of mass spectrometry: course covers radiometric dating techniques with an emphasis on radiocarbon and the uranium-series, production of cosmogenic radionuclides, study of stable isotopes in the hydrosphere, atmosphere, and lithosphere. Mass spectrometry operation and hands on isotope laboratory experiments. Clean lab techniques and Th/U dating project.
EESC W4920x. Paleoceanography. 3 pts.
The world's oceans are continually changing and have undergone much larger and more dramatic changes in the geologic past than man has witnessed in the last few millennia. This course examines the ocean's response to external forces, such as changes in the Earth's orbit, and to internal forces, such as the El Niño/La Niña oscillation. In depth analysis of current topics in paleoceanography including sea level, El Niño, Milankovitch Theory, deep ocean circulation changes, surface temperature reconstructions, and the ocean's role in natural variations in atmospheric carbon dioxide.
EESC W4030. Climatic Change. 3 pts.
Prerequisites: The instructor's permission. Separating the anthropogenic global warming climate signal from natural climate change requires an understanding of the modes and causes of climate variability. Climate Change examines ice core records of atmospheric greenhouse gases and climate, lake and other terrestrial records of continental climate, and deep-sea core records from the marine environment. Interpreting these records requires an in depth understanding of the tools and techniques for developing the age control and proxies of environmental parameters. Fundamental principles of physics, chemistry, and biology are required to develop and interpret the environmental proxies. Basic statistical techniques are used in time-series analysis of records from different archives.